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What Causes Diabetes In Dogs The Signs, Symptoms And What To Do

Diabetes in Dogs: Signs, Symptoms, and Treatment

Diabetic is a disease (which is called “canine diabetes”) that happens in dogs due to a lack of insulin or inadequate biological response. One in 300 dogs is diagnosed with diabetes, especially in senior and middle age. Your dog needs insulin to prevent itself from diabetes for the rest of its life.

Relation between glucose and insulin

The digested food in the body breaks into glucose which is essential to the cell. Glucose is a type of sugar significant for cells and organs absorbed from the intestine into the blood and then transported to all body parts. Insulin is a hormone secreted from the pancreas. It works as a gatekeeper to dictate the cell to grab nutrients and glucose from the blood and use them as fuel.

Types of diabetes:

Type 1 diabetes

In Type 1 diabetes, the pancreas fails to produce sufficient insulin. It results in a lack of glucose for body cells that produce energy. It requires a lifelong insulin shot to prevent your dog from diabetes.

Majorly, dogs suffer from insulin deficiency diabetes which develops due to a lack of insulin that didn’t develop due to damage or low performance of the pancreas. In this type, shots of insulin compensate for the deficiency. It is common in dogs.

Another type is insulin resistance diabetes which the pancreas is developing some insulin, but the body is unable to utilize it. Glucose isn’t pulled from the blood to utilize in the cell. It happens to old or obese dogs. Also, female dogs develop diabetes at the time of mating and pregnancy.

Himalayan Sheepdog

Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes develops due to obesity and overeating. Hence, that produces more glucose than the body requires. This excess glucose is not utilized by the cell. This type majorly develops in humans and cats.

Read Also: 8 Excellent Ways to Keep Your Dog Healthy and Happy

Symptoms of Diabetes in Dogs

When your dog is diabetic, it will show a few symptoms such as:

  • Increase in urination
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Tiredness or lack of energy
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Excessive thirst
  • Appetite changes
  • Loss of eyesight

Diabetes Risk Factors

Following is the list of the risk factors for your dog if it is affected by diabetes:

1 Cataract

Diabetes develops blindness due to cataract development in dogs.

2 Kidney failure

Uncontrolled diabetes damages the blood vessel cluster within the kidney, thus leading to kidney damage and high pressure. High blood pressure gradually turns it into kidney failure.

3 Ketoacidosis

It is a life-threatening condition with dehydration, lethargy, rapid heartbeat, sweet-smelling, and vomiting. It can be increased by anxiety, stress, fasting infection, and low insulin. Dog owners should always keep ketone test kits ready when such symptom arises. It helps to detect if it requires a vet emergency.

4 Urinary tract infections

Diabetes can lead to urinary tract infections. It occurs due to frequent urination and high sugar levels. Diabetes provides a potential environment for pathogens to grow and develop. However, early medication and diagnoses prevent the growth of urinary tract infections.

The Common Questions And Answers Regarding Dogs

5 Enlarged liver

Diabetes helps to develop non-alcoholic fatty liver. In this disease, fat develops around the liver, thus leading to an increase in its size.

6 Seizures

If your dog is in a seizure, which is a medical emergency, contact your vet immediately. As first aid, pour a small sugar solution into your finger and rub it in your dog’s mouth.

7 Breed or genetics

The list of canine diabetes in breeds has been developed from the genetic study of the breed. They are categorized into four categories as follows:

High risk: Cairn terrier, Samoyed

  • Moderate risk:

Schnauzer, Poodle, Yorkshire terrier, Collie, English Settler, Dachshund, Border Collie, Border terrier, Bichon Fraise

  • Neutral risk:

Rottweiler, Jack Russell Terrier, Cocker Spaniel, Doberman, Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, Labrador retriever, Mixed Breed, West Highland Terrier

  • Low risk:

Golden Retriever, Weimaraner, German Shepherd, English Springer Spaniel, Staffordshire Bull Terrier, Welsh Springer Spaniel, Boxer

8 Inflammation

It is our normal bad response to the injury healing process. It results in fat, some foods, infection, stress, injury.

9 Obesity

Almost fifty percent of dogs are obese. Strangely many vets don’t take it seriously. They say it is only fluffiness and need to lose a few pounds. Excess weight causes skin problems, heart diseases, arthritis, and excess fat development problems like abnormal lipid metabolism, fat accumulation, metabolic rate change, and insulin resistance.

Obesity is the risk factor for pancreatitis and diabetes. Hence, planned diet and exercise are the regulatory authority for your dog’s diabetic condition.

Cleaning a dog bed

10 Metabolic syndrome

Metabolic syndrome develops in obese dogs. The symptoms are Vascular inflammation, Insulin resistance, Obesity, Glucose intolerance, and an Altered lipid profile.

11 GMOs

GMO are two types — one is BT toxin (Bacillus thuringiensis), and the other is glyphosate. Bt toxin kills larva and worms. It’s a substance made of bacteria, and hence toxic. Bt toxin is present in the leaves of the plant. When consumed by herbivores whose meat is consumed by your dog.

This way, BT toxin enters the dog’s body and affects its digestive tract. BT toxin speeds in your dog’s gut by bacteria replication, and it transfers from mother to pup by the placenta. Dogs can eat soy and corn majorly developed genetically. However, the organic ones are best for them.

12 Autoimmunity

In this condition, the immunity system attacks his tissue and body parts. If the beta cell of the pancreas gets destroyed, it causes diabetes due to insufficient development of insulin.

It can increase by some conditions such as infection, chemical imbalance in minerals in the body, antibiotics like drugs, and leakage of the gut syndrome. It causes health issues such as Pancreatitis.

13 Pancreatitis

The pancreas produces hormones and digestive enzymes. Pancreatitis destroys beta-cell development responsible for the production of insulin. One-fourth of the diabetic dog population gets pancreatitis. Chronic Pancreatitis increases the loss of exocrine and endocrine and loss of fibrous tissue.

A common cause of dog diabetes is dietary fat. It becomes a habit for your dog to take a high-fat diet. For controlling Pancreatitis, dogs with high fat should be monitored and calculated regularly.

14 Vaccination

Over vaccination can develop an autoimmune problem like diabetes. A combination of factors like genetic, overstimulation of the immune system, and environment can develop an autoimmune disorder.

15 Diet

Diet is not directly related to diabetes type1 but can create other health-related disorders like obesity, metabolic syndrome, autoimmunity, inflammation, and Pancreatitis.

16 Toxins

Like BT Toxin and glyphosate, other toxins are responsible for diabetic contribution.

Bisphenol A is in plastic, cash register receipt, and food can lined with them. They increase obesity. So, avoid them.

Aflatoxin molds cause illness and death in pets because it is almost in all corns, meat, and fish.

Read Also: What to Feed Your Dog to Regain Health

Treatment of Diabetes in Dogs

There are a few nutrients necessary for a healthy diet for your dog. They are as follows:

1 Carbohydrate

When the pups get weaned from their mom, the necessity for carbohydrates ends. Carbohydrates are cheap. So, pet food developers put a lot of carbohydrates in pet food. Carbohydrate makes your dog fat. Starchy and grainy food break into sugar in their stomach, thus making your pet fat.

Fiber is an indigestible carbohydrate and is low in calories. Fat is necessary for all hormones. Homemade diets and frozen diets are rich in fat. Constant feeding of high fat can develop pancreatitis.

2 Vitamins

Vitamin is an organic compound required for growth and development. Dogs need vitamins such as Vitamin A, Vitamin B, Vitamin C, Vitamin D, Vitamin E, Vitamin K, and Choline.

3 Minerals

Minerals are of two types — macro minerals and micro minerals. Macrominerals are indispensable for the dietary requirements of the dog. Hence, their diet should include a combination of calcium, phosphate sodium, potassium, phosphorus, and sulfur. Micro minerals are copper, zinc, fluorine, iodine, manganese, and selenium.

4 Proteins

Dogs need meat to keep them healthy. Majorly pet foods are expensive. So, the food developers put fewer ingredients for profit. Better to feed at least 30% protein food to your dog.

5 Water

Water is significant for metabolism. All dogs need water at least an ounce per pound of their weight. It means 20-ounce water for 20 pounds of weight.

You can add other ingredients to their diet like:

  • Antioxidant
  • Digestive Enzymes
  • Probiotics
  • Bebeerine
  • Curcumin

How to Prevent Diabetes in Your Dog

1 Regular check-up

Pancreatitis can cause develop canine diabetes. Follow the vet’s instructions for regular check-ups and tests, including blood tests. Take emergency action if you notice a change in behavior, urination, thirst, and appetite.

2 Get Female Dogs Spayed

Female dogs without being spayed develop diabetes. After the heat cycle, their progesterone level gets high, thus increasing the chances of this type of disease. Once spayed the chances of developing diabetes get decrease.

3 Keep Your Dog Active

Exercise regulates blood sugar levels and weight reduction. Depending upon the age, health, and weather condition, it is recommended that you should give your dog a walk each day. If it’s not hot outside, a dog can take a long walk.

4 Buy Quality Dog Food

Ensure that your dog is eating a high protein diet. Such a diet is effective for controlling the high sugar level. Most of the quality pet food brands offer good nutrition.

5 Never Overfeed Your Dog

Depending upon the size and activity, the dogs need 20-30 calories per pound per day. So the right amount of food is an essential point. If you can’t feel the ribcage of your pet, you can conclude he is overfed. Fresh vegetables and fruits are good. Snack without an extra pack of calories is good for them.

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